A Brief History of the Philadelphia Fire Department Matrons
In the early days of the Philadelphia Fire Department a program was in place where the wives or widows of fireman that died or were disabled in the line of duty were hired to clean the dormitories (Bunkrooms) of city fire stations. The official city title was Cleaner but over time they became known as Matrons. In 1942 the official title was changed to Janitress.
These house cleaners were employed dating back to the beginning of the paid Department. The 1872 Fire Department Annual Report shows that there were 28 house cleaners with an average salary of $90.00 per year.
Jane McGukin was the last Janitress (Matron) hired on April 8, 1946. She was assigned to Engine 60, located at 24th & Ritner St. On April 1, 1948 she transferred to the Department of Public Health.
In 1948, with the institution of the three platoon system, the cleaners were no longer needed because, with three shifts of firefighters the bunkroom would not be used. On April 1, 1948 all of the Matrons (Janitress) were transferred to the Department of Public Health. Many Matrons retired rather than being transferred.
Fast Forward to the Present
Women You Should Know in the Fire Department
We’d like to introduce a few of the many brave and talented women who have made a significant impact in the Philadelphia Fire Department. In 2018, women made up about 12 percent of the approximately 2,600 employees in the department.
The first female dispatcher was hired in 1962. On April 29, 1985, Paulette Kennedy was sworn in as the first female firefighter in the then 114-year history of the department. Women continue to distinguish themselves across the department. Here are a few women you should know.
Battalion Chief Anne Marie Lewandowski: Lewandowski joined the PFD in 1994 and became the department’s second female fire chief in 2018. She helped save a 2-year-old boy while responding to her very first structure fire, earning a Merit Award. Lewandowski now leads the Employee Relations Office.
Capt. April Smallwood: As the PFD’s Infection Control Officer, Smallwood helps members protect themselves from infectious diseases that could be encountered on the job. Smallwood, a registered nurse, has been with the department for 20 years and previously worked in the field as a paramedic. Captain Smallwood was named EMS Provider of the Year in 2020.
Capt. Tabitha Boyle: As Deputy Director of EMS Training at the Fire Academy, Boyle helps to oversee both cadet classes and continuing medical education for the entire PFD. Boyle, a paramedic who holds a nursing degree, also works as a team nurse for a professional football organization and attends practices and all games.
Capt. Stefanie Gorman: After spending nearly 13 years with PFD engine companies, Gorman recently became the first female Captain of the Marine Unit. From that position, Gorman helps oversee the PFD fire boats stationed on the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers, including the new fast boat named “Liberty.”
Lt. Tina Peterson: Now in her 17th year with the PFD, Peterson currently serves as the only female investigator in the Fire Marshal’s Office, which determines the cause and origin of fires. She joined the department with her brother and previously worked at an engine company, at the Fire Academy, and for the Fire Prevention and Recruitment units.
Assistant Deputy Commissioner Crystal Yates: A 22-year PFD veteran, Yates is the first African-American woman promoted to paramedic chief. She became an assistant deputy commissioner in 2017 and is currently the highest-ranking uniformed woman in the department. She has two adult children.
Capt. Tarra Mungen: Capt. Mungen joined the PFD in 2003 and was assigned to Engine 40. She was promoted to Captain in October 2019. She was assigned to Engine 1 in November 2019.
Lt. Lisa DeSamour: Lisa A. DeSamour was appointed January 5th 2005 and assigned to Engine 11 out of the academy. She was transferred in 2006 to Engine 45. In 2015, she joined the Fire Prevention Division. She was promoted to Lieutenant in November 2019. She currently works in the Fire Prevention Division.
Paramedic Colleen Andrejczak: With 31 years on the job, Andrejczak is the Fire Department’s longest-tenured female paramedic and was part of the city’s first all-female ambulance crew from 1997 to 2001. A pair of shoes she wore as part of her PFD uniform have been donated to an upcoming exhibit at Temple University’s Shoe Museum called “Shoes of Those Who Serve.”
Firefighter Donna Garrett: With certifications in high-angle rescue, trench collapse, structural collapse, swiftwater rescue, and confined space rescue, Garrett is the first woman to work at Rescue 1. Members assigned to this company undergo specialized training and respond to emergencies citywide. Garrett has been with the PFD since 2003 and has worked at Rescue 1 for about three years.
Firefighter Karen McLaughlin: Because of her background as a personal trainer, McLaughlin was asked to join the staff of the Fire Academy to help recruits get into shape. After working as an instructor for Class 194, she became the coordinator of physical training for Class 195 – the first woman to serve in that role for a firefighter cadet class. McLaughlin joined the PFD in 2014 and previously worked at two engine companies.
Deputy Chief Diane Schweizer: Schweizer was the first woman ever to serve as a deputy commissioner, and as a paramedic she became the PFD’s first-ever female chief. With 25 years on the job, she remains the only female deputy chief in the field today.
Battalion Chief Linda Long: Long became Philadelphia’s first female fire chief in 2017. She first worked in EMS — eventually being promoted to paramedic chief — before returning to the Fire Academy as a 39-year-old firefighter recruit. Long, a mom and grandmom, rose through the ranks and now oversees Battalion 9 in Germantown. She now works as a Battalion Chief in the Fire Communications Center.